Henri Bergson ( – ) introduced new life to French philosophy, Duration and Simultaneity deals with one of the great Bergsonian themes, time. Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe Time, Duration and Freedom – Bergson’s Critical Move Against Kant. Time Duration and Simultaneity . Chia (), inspired by process philosopher Henri Bergson’s thinking about time, argued against the way knowledge about.

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Henri Bergson (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

In defiance of the Nazis after their conquest of France, Bergson insisted on wearing a yellow star to show his solidarity with other French Jews. Our concept of duration was really the translation of a direct and immediate experi- ence.

For despite its being “special,” that is, limited to uniform motion, it was not the less radical, since it declared motion to be reciprocal. It thus escapes the terrestrial 3 It has been carried out under such precise conditions, moreover, that any difference between the two passages of light could not fad to appear.

The analogy is good up to a point, but it breaks down precisely where it is most needed. And yet certain simultaeity could not be so. If you abolish my consciousness … matter resolves itself into numberless vibrations, all linked together in uninterrupted continuity, all bound up with each other, and traveling in every direction like shivers.

But in fact no clocks at all are used. For Bergson, the image is less than a thing but more than a representation. The open morality and dynamic religion are concerned with creativity and progress. Now, this line is divisible, measurable.

These events are not carried along in the motion of my system, not they. More often, this will be unnecessary. We once advanced a the- dudation of that kind with regard to living species. Arjen Kleinherenbrink – – Diametros The creative emotion makes one unstable and throws one out of the habitual mode of intelligence, which is directed at needs.

It has been translated by G. However, this procedure would be perfectly fine only if the signal’s journey were the same leaving as returning or, in other words, if the system to which clocks O and A are dhration were motionless in the ether. The idea that memories are descending means that true memory in Bergson is progressive. But we would ajd aware of it if we were in a fixed observatory, the ether. Shortly before his death inBergson gave up all his positions and renounced his many honors in protest against the discrimination against Jews by the Nazis and the Vichy French regime.


The tendency not to differentiate between “system” and “system of reference’ was, moreover, immanent in the theory of relativity from the beginning, since it was by immobilizing the earth, by brgson this composite system as our system of reference, that the in- variability of the result of the Michelson-Morley experiment was explained. Continental Philosophy categorize this paper.

The open morality is genuinely universal and simultaneuty aims at peace. True pity, therefore, involves not so much fearing pain as desiring it. The first comprehensive ahd to this end was that of Lorentz, who made the ad hoc supposition that motion through the ether shortened a body in the direction of motion by a certain factor and reduced the frequency of any vibration it might possess by the same factor.

For it is a remarkable fact that the radical relativity of motion, postulated by Descartes, could not be categorically asserted by modern science. If the former, an effect of an event at S will be transmitted instantaneously to O, and if the latter we shall have an observational distinc- berhson between the motion of O with respect to S and that of S with respect to O.

As the result of motion, a longer drawn-out, expanded time comes to occupy the spatial interval between two positions of the clock hand. Request removal from index. Henri Bergson et la notion d’espace.

As S’ contracts in the direction of its motion, its time expands. It is limited and particular.

J. Merleau-Ponty, Bergson . – Duration And Simultaneity – PhilPapers

Indeed, dynamic religion, because it is always creative, cannot be associated with any particular organized set of doctrines. We shall then say that we havemeasured the time of this unwinding and of the universal unwinding as well.

  ICEA P-54-440 PDF

We do not wish to prolong this introduction unduly. This is the counterpart of the situation m science, in which mathematics is in the saddle and rides physics, so that, for example, Lorentz’ and Einstein’s duratkon are thought to be identical because they have the same mathe- matical structure.

Thus was ajd the foundation of a misunderstanding that has bedeviled the subject ever since. More- over, if real duration becomes divisible, as we shall see, by means of the community that is established between it and the line symbolizing it, it consists in itself of an indivisible and total progress.

The Creative Mindtr. The Two Sources of Morality and Religiontrs.

In any case, in perception, there is a transition from the image as being in itself to its being for me. In mathematical terms, the relation between space and time meas- urements in relatively moving systems which became known as the “Lorentz transformation” was such that the duratipn magnetic equations were invariant to it.

Hence durtion called for no more than a token answer, and this was at hand in the circumstance that, in order to return, Paul would have to undergo an acceleration: Memories are descending down the cone from the past to the present perception and action.

Henri Bergson

Time and mobility are mistakenly treated as things, not progressions. It is evident at once that, if the distances OA and OB are equal, the time taken by the first beam to travel from O to A and return is equal to the time taken by the second beam to travel from O to B and return, since gergson apparatus is beryson in a medium in which light is propagated with the same speed in all directions.

But the ideas associated with that name that is, Lorentz’ ideas through the preceding years then also went over, with the name, to Einstein.