and then if you want to also install the documentation (very useful): Note: as of Debian 7 “Wheezy” bind9 ships with a file containing default. A very useful package for testing and troubleshooting DNS issues is the dnsutils package. Also, the BIND9 Documentation can be found in the. There are many ways to configure BIND9. Some of the most common configurations are a caching nameserver, primary master, and as a secondary master.
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Now restart BIND9 for the changes to take affect: If you still want to go forward with it, you’ll need this informationwhich isn’t covered in the instructions that follow here. The lower documemtation number, the higher the priority. Also, it’s a good idea to delete the key and private files generated before.
Multiple MX records can exist if multiple mail servers are responsible for that domain. All files BIND uses will be relative to this directory. Now that the zone is setup and resolving names to IP Adresses a Reverse zone is also required.
Primary Master Server BIND9 can be used to serve DNS records groups of records are referred to as zones for a registered domain name or an imaginary one but only if used on a restricted network.
Server Management Installation The package bind9 will be used for installation. Now restart the DNS server, to enable the documentztion configuration.
This is where Primary and Secondary servers are defined. A Reverse zone allows DNS to resolve an address to a name. This should be inserted into the bind configuration by an include because the bind configuration itself is world-readable. No additional repository needs to be enabled for BIND9. This is the serial number bimd9 increment with each change of file. Now create the db.
This is due to the server caching the query. Thus, it is possible to give them a priority, assigning a number.
Create an A record for the base domain, example. Once this time expires, it is necessary to recheck the data. Many admins like to use the last date edited as the serial of a zone, such as which is yyyymmddss where ss is the Serial Number.
Computers that run DNS are called name servers. If you make multiple changes before restarting BIND9, simply increment the serial once. Secondary Master Server configuration Once a Primary Master has been configured a Secondary Master is needed in order to maintain the availability of the domain should the Primary become unavailable. Remember that this path is relative to the root set by -t.
Now, you can add DNS records to the bottom of the zone file. If you intend to serve a registered domain name they ensure that your DNS zone is still available even if your primary server is not online. Once a Primary Master has been configured a Secondary Master is needed in order to maintain the availability of the domain should the Primary become unavailable. I modified the example file to give box an address of As a primary master server BIND9 reads the data for a zone from a dockmentation on it’s host and is authoritative for that zone.
Now, you can add DNS records to the bottom of the zone.
Bind9 – Debian Wiki
In fact, these two latter servers will ever be referred to in the configuration because the xxxbox will be in charge of resolving names if the packet destination isn’t known.
Logging BIND9 has a wide variety of logging configuration options available. See dig for information on testing a caching DNS server. Some of the most useful setups are: For more information on AppArmor gind9 AppArmor. To install the server simply install the bind9 package.