The scale is composed of 24 items divided into 2 subscales, 13 concerning performance anxiety, and 11 pertaining to social situations. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) was the first evaluation The score equal to or greater than 32 is suggested as a cutoff score for the. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) is a widely used The original LSAS model implied by the scoring instructions yields seven.

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For the study regarding the discriminative validity of the LSAS, the ROC curve Receiver Operating Characteristic Analyses was calculated, scoringg the aim of analyzing the cutoff points that favor discrimination between the participants classified as clinical cases, non-cases and subclinical cases of SAD. In social anxiety disorder SAD patients, the LSAS showed good internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent and discriminant validity, and sensitivity to treatment Heimberg et al.

Liebowitz social anxiety scale – Wikipedia

Please review our privacy socring. Given that none of the models were an excellent fit for our data and that the Safren model has not been supported in all previous studies Baker et al.

The original LSAS model implied by the scoring instructions yields seven different scores. These assessment scales can be important in screening for possible cases and can help in making the clinical diagnoses. Factor structure of the anxiety sensitivity index among African American college students. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale: Thus, sclae have tested the original 2-factor model social interaction, performance examining only fear ratings.

Psychometric properties of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale. Senior clinical staff reviewed interview data for clinical and clerical errors, which were corrected anxiehy the data were entered on the computer master file. They were included only after their agreement and signing of the terms of informed consent.

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Considering Social Anxiety Disorder SADthe number of evaluation instruments has grown considerably over the last decade. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Nova Science Publishers; Finally, we did not include a European American control group and therefore could not directly examine invariance across ethnicities. In summary, it can be said that the scornig aims of the study were achieved, since the discriminative validity of soxial instrument was measured with methodological precision, and the identified cutoffs allowed the identification of the different groups studied.

These tests were chosen due to the sample presenting a parametric distribution.

For example, in certain cultures, they are viewed as positive aspects because the individual is considered introspective, a highly valued characteristic, especially in the Eastern cultures [ 30 ]. Similar to previous reports, fear and avoidance subscales were so highly correlated that they yielded redundant information. Psychometric properties of the French version”. Examining commonly used measures in a cross-cultural manner is crucial to ensure that research based on such measures in sccoring samples yields reliable and valid data.

Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale

In line with previous reports and a high correlation between fear and avoidance ratings in our own sample, we tested each model including only fear ratings for each LSAS situation. Depress Anxiety26 1: Risk of heavy drinking and alcohol use disorders in social phobia: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are properly credited.

Acknowledgements We thank Michael Armey for consultation on our data analyses. Self-reported expression of anxeity in five European cultures. The final sample, composed of participants, presented a predominance of female students, from a public university, enrolled in the first years of the university course, mainly in the biological sciences area, independent of the clinical group.


Scores in this range are typical of persons entering treatment for the generalized type of SAD. When the discomfort is only generated in certain situations, it can be classified as circumscribed [ 1 ]. According to Table 3considering the C and NC groups, it can be observed that the interval between scores 32 and 39 presented adequate balance between the evaluated parameters, with sensitivity greater than 0.

Liebowitz social anxiety scale

Furthermore, the present study attests to the discriminant validity of the LSAS-SR for the Brazilian context, supporting its use for screening for clinical or subclinical SAD cases in the clinical and research sociao. Testing structural equation models. It is important to note that these people are able to realize that the fear experienced in this situation is irrational [ 1 ].

We examined the concurrent validity by comparing the scores on each proposed LSAS anxirty for participants with and without a spcial of SAD. Introduction Social Anxiety Disorder SAD is characterized by a strong and persistent fear of social situations which could cause embarrassment. Psychometric properties and three proposed subscales of a self-report version of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale translated into Hebrew. It should also be highlighted that the scale was able to discriminate the groups according to the variables, these being, gender, sample group and subtype of the scooring.

The training consists of a graduated set of tasks and experiences, beginning with reading relevant papers, studying instruments and instruction booklets, watching training tapes, and reviewing suggestions for handling common interviewing problems.

Scores higher than 90 indicate that SAD is highly probable.